Sanam Luang is a historic public square located in the heart of Bangkok, Thailand. Situated directly in front of the Grand Palace and Wat Phra Kaew, it has been a significant site for centuries, hosting numerous royal ceremonies, festivals, and other public events. Known for its vast open space, Sanam Luang serves as a gathering place for locals and tourists alike, offering a window into the rich cultural traditions and historical significance of Thailand's capital city.
Originally used for royal ceremonies and agricultural purposes by the Thai monarchy, Sanam Luang's history dates back to the founding of Bangkok in the late 18th century. Its name translates to "Royal Field," reflecting its traditional use as a site for royal ploughing ceremonies that were held to mark the beginning of the rice-growing season. Over time, its function evolved and expanded to include a variety of public events. The Royal Cremation Ceremonies of Thai monarchs, including the recent King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 2017, were notably held here, drawing large crowds from across the country.
Today, Sanam Luang continues to be a hub of cultural activity and public gatherings. During the day, it is a popular spot for leisure activities such as kite flying, while at night it transforms into a bustling market area with food stalls and vendors. Major events, including the annual Royal Ploughing Ceremony and King’s Birthday celebrations, continue to take place here, attracting both locals and international visitors. With its combination of historical significance and lively atmosphere, Sanam Luang remains a must-visit destination in Bangkok.